Gynecology is a branch of medicine that deals with the examination, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases of the female reproductive system.
The female reproductive system includes the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, cervix, vagina, and vulva.
Gynecological issues can be related to menstrual problems, vaginal infections, uterine fibroids, ovarian cysts, and polyps in the uterus or cervix. Gynecological cancers are very common, especially cervical cancer at a younger age and ovarian cancer in menopausal women, but of course, this classification is not strict, and deviations are possible in both types of cancer. That is why it is very important for every woman and girl to undergo regular gynecological examinations (colposcopy, PAP smear, gynecological examination, and ultrasound) every 6 months to a year, even in the absence of gynecological issues.
Gynecologists can provide you with information and advice related to preserving your reproductive health and contraception options.
In addition to regular gynecological examinations, women should see a gynecologist in case of the following symptoms:
- Menstrual problems, such as irregular or heavy periods, as well as the absence of menstruation.
- Chronic lower abdominal pain.
- Unusual vaginal discharge.
- Abnormal vaginal bleeding or pain.
- Pain after sexual intercourse.
- Infertility, the need for contraception, or family planning.
- Spontaneous miscarriages.
- Hormonal problems requiring therapy, and more.
Complete gynecological examination
Ultrasonography in gynecology
Removal of condylomas